Kerman

Kerman

Kerman is very famous for its long history and strong cultural heritage. Each year, the city attracts numerous tourists from all over the world. Kerman, according to the historical narrations, is one of the oldest cities of Iran.

The Ganj Ali Khan bath today has become the Museum of Anthropology. Beautiful tile work, paintings, plaster work, and decorations have made Ganjali Khan Bathhouse one of the most beautiful buildings in Iran. The bathhouse has two external and internal chambers and there are two big marble stones which had played a great role in attracting more light to the internal chamber.

Grand mosque of Kerman is one of the most important architectural feats of Iran. According to a stone inscription at the entrance of the mosque, it has been first located outside the city, but as the city sprawled, the mosque has been assimilated. The grand mosque, with its beautiful façade, attractive tile work and historical inscriptions is among valuable buildings of Kerman.

The Kerman Bazaar with is beautiful manifestation has left as a memorial from the ancient periods and its architecture characteristics astonish the eyes of every visitor. This main thoroughfare is made up of four smaller bazaars, and a further 20 or so branch off to the north and south. Architecture of the Kerman bazaar reflects the geographical conditions and climatic circumstances of Iran in the past. Such architecture works indicate the style of architecture in the Sassanid era.

The complex covers an area of 11000 square meters and is centered on a large public square—ninety-nine meters by fifty-four meter—which is aligned with Vakil Bazaar running east-west to its south. The square is enveloped by bazaar arcades to the north, south and west and is flanked by the Ganjali Caravanserai to the east.

The caravanserai is located on the east side of the Ganjali Square. Its portal bears a foundation inscription from 1598 composed by calligrapher Alireza Abbasi. The plan of the caravanserai is based on the four-iwan typology, with double-story halls centered on tall iwans enveloping four sides of an open courtyard. There is an octagonal fountain at the center of the courtyard which is chamfered at the corners. The caravanserai measures thirty-one and a half by twenty-three meters. The caravanserai has a small domed mosque at one corner that measures five and a half by five meters.

Jabaliyeh Dome has been built on the slopes of Qall’eh Dokhtar Mountain and is among the most beautiful architectural feats of Iran. Stones cut in various sizes are seen in the building of Jabaliyeh Dome, which have been attached together with a hard mortar. The dome has been called Jabaliyeh, Jahan Sang, Gonbad Gabri, and Ma’bad Sangi in historical texts.

Moshtaqiyeh Dome which houses the tomb of Moshtaq Ali Shah, dates back to Qajar era and is located to the east of the grand mosque. The dome has a long shaft and its internal decorations are remarkable. The tomb of Moshtaq Ali Shah is located north of the building and is facing a yard with a water pool in the middle. There is a valuable pulpit remained from old times. Measures have been taken during recent years to repair and renovate the building.