Isfahan

ISFAHAN

Isfahan is an ancient city in the center of Iran. This town is the city of colossal, mosques, bridge and bazaars, Madrasa (religious schools) and caravanserais as well as awe-inspiring turquoise domes.
SI-O-Seh-Pol, probably the most famous of Isfahan’s bridge. It is made up a series of 33 arches and was commissioned in 1602 by Shah Abas1 from one of his Generals. The name -SI-O-Seh-Pol is derived from the Farsi for 33. The bridge is built on a series of pontoons of great width and there is famous tea-house amongst them which is accessible from the southern bank
Before Isfahan was selected as Capital by the Safavid dynasty, a square called Naqsh-e Jahan (Image of the world) existed in the vicinity of Imam square, Most of the foreign tourists believe that Imam square is one of the greatest squares in the world. Naqsh-e Jahan Square has witnessed many historical memories of Iran during the past four centuries.
Imam Mosque: This mosque is a masterpiece of the 16th century from the viewpoint of architecture, tile work and stone carving. One of the interesting features of this mosque is the echo of sound in the center of the gigantic dome in the southern section.
Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque: This mosque is another masterpiece of architecture and tile work of the 16th century which was constructed by a decree issued by Shah Abbas I and took a period of 18 years to be completed This place was constructed in honor of this great man who led the prayers and preached in this mosque.
Ali Qapu: This palace which is a unique example of palace architecture in the Safavid era was constructed under the order of Shah Abbas I in the early 11th century. There are five floors in this palace and each floor has its special decorations this palace was also called ‘Dowlat Khaneh-e-Mobarakeh Nagsh-e-Jahan’ and the ‘Dowlat Khaneh Palace’. Its unique archaic architecture is related to the Safavid era.
Qeysarieh Bazar was one of the largest and most luxurious shopping malls in the Safavid era. The entrance to the bazaar is through a majestic gateway which is decorated with paintings and mosaic tile works representing two archers with lion torso and dragon’s tail.
The Chehel Sotoun (Forty Columns) Palace: This palace was constructed during the reign of Shah Abbas I and a building was established in the middle of this garden. The reflection of the twenty pillars of the hall in the pool opposite the palace brings about a conception of forty pillars. But in fact the number of “Forty” represents the quantity and multitude in Iran and the reason for which the mentioned building is called Chehel Sotoun is the great number of the pillars in this palace.
The historical edifice of Hast Behesht, an example of residential palaces of the last kings of the Safavid dynasty, was constructed during the reign of Shah Suleiman Safavid in 1080 A.H. Today, only a minor portion of the grounds remains.
Khaju Bridge (Shahi Bridge): This Bridge took its foundation in the late Timurid period, and was constructed according to what it is currently in 1060 AH, under the orders of Shah Abbas II. The name of this bridge is a distorted version of the word ‘Khajeh’ which was a title for great personalities in the Safavid era.
Shahrestan Bridge: This Bridge is one of the oldest bridges on the Zayandeh Rud River. Shahrestan Bridge is one the ancient bridges located about 4 km east of Isfahan. It is possible to pass the bridge from two sides: One, from Moshtagh and Sarooyeh streets and Ashraf hillside, the other from Dalan Behesht. There are woods and gardens and summer flats on both sides of the bridge.
The Vank Church is one of the most famous churches in the Jolfa vicinity of Isfahan. The interior of the church is richly decorated with painting decorations, interesting tile works and beautiful oil paintings of Jesus Christ’s life.