Tehran

Tehran

Tehran is first metropolis in Iran,large city and growing urban population.It is a cosmopolitan city, with great museums, parks, restaurants, warm friendly people. It deserves at least a few days of your Iranian itinerary,also it’s a luxury city with place of interest that suitable for young people such as:Dizin ski resort,Enghelab complex,Milad tower,Coffee shops and upscale restaurants.Tehran is known as the city of Museums

Ancient Iran Museum,the first Museum in Iran and Reza Shah ordered it to be built by French architect, Andre Godard,The museum building was completed in 1316 and the museum opened to the public.On the first floor of the Museum’s pre-Islamic and on the second floor’s post-Islamic section

Golestan palace is the oldest and most magnificent palace of Tehran. This 442-year old palace, listed as a World Heritage Site in 2013, is located in the downtown close to the Tehran Grand Bazaar in the heart of Old Tehran and it Built around a garden featuring pools as well as planted areas

The carpet museum was founded in 1978 with a beautiful architecture and facade resembeling a carpet-weaving loom. It is located on northwest of Laleh Park in Tehran borrowing part of this beautiful park. It is in 7-8 minutes walking distance to Contemporary Art Museum. It is composed of two exhibition galleries in two floors covering an area of 3400 m2. The ground floor gallery is for permanent exhibitions of astonitiong designs and works and the upper floor gallery is considered for the temporary exhibitions of carpets, kilims and carpet museums

The beautiful building of the Museum of Glassware & Ceramic is the mansion housing glass wares and ceramics that was originally ordered to be built as the personal residence of a politician named Ahmad Qavam in early 1920s.

The building was occupied by him as residence and office up to 1953 when it was sold to the Egyptian embassy. Eventually, in 1976, it was converted into a museum following some repairs and changes.

The objects exhibited in this museum, which is also called Abgineh Museum, belong to a span of time beginning from pre-Islam period up to the contemporary Iran.

NIYAVARAN PALACE IN TEHRAN

Niavaran Palace Complex is situated in the northern part of Tehran, Iran in 9000 square meters area. It consists of several buildings and a museum. The Sahebqaraniyeh Palace from the time of Nasir al-Din Shah of Qajar dynasty is also inside this complex. The main Niavaran Palace, completed in 1968, was the primary residence of the last Shah, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and the Imperial family until the Iranian Revolution. The main palace was designed in 1337 AH (1958) by the Iranian architect Mohsen Foroughi, and following a short delay in its construction, it was completed in 1346 AH (1967) and used in 1347 AH (1968).

Presently, it is comprised of five museums (Niavaran Palace Museum, Ahmad Shahi Pavilion, Sahebqaraniyeh Palace, Jahan Nama museum and the private library), and other cultural, historical and natural attractions including the Blue Hall, Private Cinema, Jahan Nama Gallery, and Niavaran Garden.
The Niavarān Palace Complex traces its origin to a garden in Niavaran, Tehran, that was used by Nasir al-Din Shah as a summer residence. The palace erected by Nasir al-Din Shah in this garden was originally referred to as The Niavarān Palace and was later renamed The Sahebqaraniyeh Palace. During the reign of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi all the peripheral buildings of The Sahebqraniyeh Palace, with the exception of The Ahmad-Shahi Pavilion (or Kushk-e Ahmad-Shahi), were demolished and the buildings and the structures of the present-day Niavarān Palace Complex were built to the north of The Sahebqaraniyeh Palace. In this period, The Ahmad-Shahi Pavilion served as an exhibition area of the presents of the world leaders to Iran.

The quadrilateral design of the palace and its interior archeological designing is inspired by Iranian archeology while making use of modern technology. Its decorations have also been inspired by the pre and post Islamic art. The gypsum work has been carried out by Master Abdollahi, the mirror work by Master Ali Asghar, the tile work of the outer part by master Ibrahim Kazempour and Ilia. The building floor is covered by black stone and has an aluminum sliding roof. The internal decoration and furniture of the palace have been designed and implemented by a French group. In the ground floor of this building there is a great hall in which all the rooms are situated, including a private cinema, dining room, guest room, waiting room and lateral halls as well as the Blue Hall.

In the half floor of this building, the office, conference room, Farah Diba’s secretary’s room, Leila’s bedroom and her retainer’s room. In the stairways there is a room where Mohammad-Reza’s military uniforms and official suits and his medals are kept.

In the third floor, Pahlavi’s resting place and his children’s and their retainer’s rooms are situated. These places are all decorated with precious paintings, carpets and gifts received from different countries.
Ahmad Shahi Pavilion

Covering an area of 800 square meters north of Sahebqaraniyeh Palace, this two-storied pavilion was built in the closing days of the Qajar period, as a private resting retreat for Ahmad Shah with brick facades and decoration The brick facades have various designs and are in buff color. The entrance of the pavilion is situated in the southern side of the building, which is joined to the pavilion by various stairs which pass aside a pond covered with tiles.

The Ahmad Shahi pavilion after a restoration and interior additions was utilized as the residence and office of Reza Pahlavi by completely changing its furniture during the Pahlavi II.

The ground floor of this building consists of a hall with a pond made of marble stone in its center with six rooms and two corridors around. Decorative items made of silver, bronze, ivory, wood and souvenirs from different countries such as India, paintings, medals, etc. have been exhibited in this place. Also other items including decorative mineral stones, a stone from Moon, various plant and animal fossils are kept in this building.

The second floor of this building consists of a central hall and a four sided veranda. All around the main hall which was used as the music room, wooden shelves have been installed. All around the veranda is covered by six square brick columns and 26 round gypsum columns. The gypsum work pattern of lion and sun can be seen on the northern wall of the veranda.

Following the Islamic Revolution during the restoration and renovation stages the lower parts of its walls were also renovated and concurrent with the Cultural Heritage Week (2000) this place was also opened to public visit

Sahebqaraniyeh Palace

In 1267 AH (1388), Nasser-ed-Din-Shah ordered to have the Niavaran Palace erected in two floors including Shah-neshin (formal reception area), korsi-khaneh (winter sitting room), bathroom, and forty to fifty buildings each consisting of four rooms and a terrace housed by his consorts.

During the 31st year of his reign, he called himself as the SahebQaran and hence called this palace as Sahebqaraniyeh.

After him Mozaffar-ed-din Shah made some changes in the building and ruined a part of the harem. The Constitution was also signed by him in the yard of this palace.

Under Pahlavi I, this palace was renovated for the marriage of Mohammad-Reza Pahlavi with Princess Fawziah for receiving the guests but due to severe winter the ceremonies were not held there.
Under Pahlavi II, Farah Diba made basic changes in its internal decorations and building, and the first floor, i.e. hose-khaneh (pool room), was used for receiving the guests and the second floor was used as the office of Mohammad-Reza Pahlavi.

Other rooms of this palace include: sofreh-khaneh (dining room), tea-house, bar, game rooms in the first floor, and meeting room, waiting room for the foreign missions, secretary, dentist room and resting place of Mohammad-Reza Pahlavi. All the doors and windows of this building are decorated with colorful glasses. It was repaired In 1374 AH (1995) and in 1377 AH (1998) re-opened as museum.

Jahan Nama Museum

In 1976, a section in the western part of the Sahebqaraniyeh Palace was allocated to the souvenirs received and items purchased by the Farah Diba, with four halls in the ground floor and one hall in the underground floor. On the ceiling of the main hall of this museum, exquisite paintings on wood featuring flower and bird pattern of Shiraz can be seen. This museum was opened in 1997.

The works of this museum have been exhibited in two parts; pre-historic art and the contemporary art works of Iran and the world. Some of the works include, pre-Columbian works, the metal works of Lorestan, the ceramic works of Amlash, the art works of the Red Indians of the northern America related to first and second centuries before Christ, and works by contemporary Iranian artists including Sohrab Sepehri, Naser Owesi, Faramarz Pilaram, Ja’afar Roohbakhsh, Parviz Kalantari, Bahman Mohassess, Sirak Melkonian, Jazeh Tabatabai, Mash Esmail, Parviz Tanavoli, and non-Iranian artists; George Brack, Paul Gogen, Paul Klee, Pablo Picasso, Camille Pissarro, Pierre August Renoir, Diego Giacometti, Fernand Leger and Marc Chagall.

Private Library

The private library of the Niavaran Palace is situated in the eastern part of the Palace, in two floors and one underground floor in a 770 square meter area and it was built in 1976. The interior designing of this building has been carried out by Aziz Farmanfarmayan, and Charles Serigny. It possesses different features from the point of view of architecture and constructional structure and was built based on the modern architecture prevailing in the 1960s, along with a combination of glass and stone. The building is allocated to library in three separate levels. The main parts of the library consist of the reading room, the book shelves are kept in the ground and the first floors. Other existing spaces consist of the place for the person in charge of the library, the audio and visual room, toilet, etc. In addition to this a major part of the underground floor is allocated for keeping the books and the paintings.

In the interior designing of the building a combination of bronze and glass has been used to a great extent. About 300 bright cylinders provide the required lighting of the library. This library was completely reorganized after twenty five months of practical and hard efforts. This library consists of about 23,000 books, mainly in Farsi and French in the fields of literature and history of art. The oldest of these books has been printed in Paris in 1609 and the latest book of this collection has entered the library in January 1979.

Other parts of this library include a collection of art works, which consists of over 350 works and paintings. These works can show a part of the contemporary art history, especially the modern tendencies of Iranian art in the 1950s-60s. This library was inaugurated in 1994 on the occasion of the commemoration of the Cultural Heritage anniversary and the World Museum Day.

THE TOCHAL SKI RESORT AND TELE CABIN

The Tochal Ski Resort and Tele-cabin Complex it’s a popular and easily accessible ski field in Tehran, the Tochal Ski resort has snow for between six and eight month a year due to it’s height and Tochal Ski resort and Tele-cabin is a fourth highest ski field on earth.

Tochal tele-cabin and gondola lift

Tochal Telecabin is probably the world’s longest gondola lift lines with a length of 7500 meter, The Tochal Ski resort and telecabin project started in 1974 and has been open to the public since 1978. It starts at the Velenjak valley in north of Tehran at an altitude of 1900 meter. and ends at the last station at an altitude of 3740 meter, near the main ridge of Mount Tochal. This gondola lift is used for accessing ski resorts and other recreational centres on the mountain. Beautiful landscape, mountain fresh air and a multitude of fresh water springs adds to the freshness of the area. With upgrading the safety standards of telecabin lines, families and sportspeople can enjoy the telecabin ride and other facilities with joy and pleasure.

The gondola lift has four stations:

Station 1 is at an elevation of 1900 m. and located at the beginning of Velenjak valley at the end of the Velenjak Ave. Parking, inns and some other facilities are available.

Station 2 is at 2400 meter. and has very limited facilities.

Station 5 is at 2935 meter. There is a restaurant and a rescue centre. This station is in the middle of one of the ski slopes which is open only in mid-winter but rarely used. This station is also accessible through several climbing paths like Shirpala shelter, Osoon valley and Palang-chal shelter. In order to get to Station 7 you have to change here.

Station 7 is at 3740 meter. and very close to the Tochal main ridge. It is the last station of the gondola lift. This station is in the middle of the Tochal ski slope. The Tochal main peak is a 30-minute walk from this point. This station is also reachable from Hezar-cham climbing path from Station 5.

Tochal Ski field

The main ski slopes are located in Station 7 and at the Peak, This slope is started from the foot of Tochal at 3850 metres and ends in the Tochal Hotel at 3550 metres. The length of the slope is 1200 metres and the very suitable slope. There are one Doppel mayr lift and one tele-ski improvised in this ski slope, for transferring skiers. Because of the height of the ski slope in station 7 (more than 3,500 metres above sea level), similar to the Alvares Ski Resort in Sabalan, Azarbaijan, Iran, these slopes are covered with snow for more than 8 months during the year. Also Half Pipe is available for the customers in this ski slope.

Western Foothill: This slope is located on the western foothill of the Tochal Mountain and the unique views of the surrounding mountains have given it a spectacular manifestation. The length of the ski slope is 900 metres, the peak having 3,750 metres height, and its lowest spot (Tochal Hotel) is 3550 metres high. A Poma chairlift is built in this slope for skiers.

TEHRAN GETTING THERE & AWAY

LALEH PARK OF TEHRAN

TEHRAN CITY THEATRE

AZADI TOWER

The Azadi Tower also Borj-e Azadi in Farsi language, is the symbol of Tehran and is one of the Tehran Tourist Attraction as well, the Azadi tower is the “Y” shaped Tower built to commemorate the 25th anniversary of the Persian Empire in 1971. The Azadi Tower in Tehran is included the underground gallery, Quran Museum, a cinema and the viewing platform.

Azadi tower, the symbol of Tehran

The Azadi Tower was built by architect, Hossein Amanat, won design the monument, which combines elements of Sassanid and Islamic architecture. Also, Azado Tower, is part of the Azadi cultural complex, located in Tehran’s Azadi Square in an area of some 50,000 m².

Azadi tower built with white marble stone from the Esfahan region, there are eight thousand blocks of stone. The stones were all located and supplied by Ghanbar Rahimi, whose knowledge of the quarries was second to none and who was known as “Soltan-e Sang-e Iran” . The shape of each block was calculated by computer, and programmed to include all the instructions for the building’s work. The actual construction of the tower was carried out, and supervised by Iran’s finest master stonemason, Ghaffar Davarpanah Varnosfaderani. The main financing was provided by a group of five hundred Iranian industrialists. The inauguration took place on October 16, 1971.

Like the City Theater, Carpet Museum and Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art, the 50m-high structure is a mix of ‘60s modern architecture with traditional Iranian influences, most notably the iwan -style of the arch. inside you can see the complex structural engineering in concrete that forms the bones of architect Hossein Amanat’s design. The park surrounding the monument is a relative oasis compared with the maelstrom of traffic beyond.

You can reach the top by stairs or lift, and will probably be accompanied. To get to Azadi Tower, take Metro line 4 (light blue) to Meydan-e Azadi (don’t confuse it with the other Azadi station).

MILAD TOWER (BORJ-E MILAD)

The Milad Tower (the world sixth’s tallest tower in Tehran) also Borj-e Milad in Farsi language, is an Architecture Sight in Tehran, Iran. The Milad Tower stand 435 high and is the sixth tallest tower in the world. The construction started in 1999 and ended in 2007, The Milad Tower located between the Shahrak-e Gharb and Gisha districts of Tehran.

As mentioned above, the Milad Tower it stands at 435 m (1,427 ft) from base to the tip of the antenna. The head consists of a large pod with 12 floors, the roof of which is at 315 m (1,033 ft). Below this is a staircase and elevators to reach the area.

Everything about Milad Tower

Milad Tower, with its height of 435 m (1,427 ft), is the tallest tower in Iran, the sixth tallest telecommunication tower in the world. Milad Tower consists of five main parts: foundation, transition (lobby) structure, shaft, head structure and antenna mast. The lobby structure consists of six floors. The first three floors consist of 63 trade units, 11 food courts, a cafeteria and a commercial products exhibition, which is supposed to be 260 m2 (2,800 sq ft).

The first and second floors of Milad Tower underground consist of official and installing sections and data center. The ground floor is devoted to the entrance and visitors reception. The shaft is a concrete structure which is 315 meter-high (1,033 ft) from the ground floor. In three different sides of it 6 elevators are used to transfer the visitors to the head of the tower at the speed of 7 m/s (0.0070 km/s) and there is an emergency staircase exists at the fourth side.

The head of the Milad Tower is a steel structure weighing about 25,000 tonnes and consisting of 12 floors. In the top floors of the tower, fire-immune areas were built as a refuge zone, a closed observation deck, a cafeteria, a public art gallery, an open observation deck, a revolving restaurant, telecommunication floors, a VIP restaurant, Mechanical floors, and a sky dome.

The four-stage antenna mast is 120 meter-high (390 ft). The lower floor of the mast is for the adjustment of public users’ telecommunication antennas and the three upper floors are devoted to the antenna of radio and television organisation of Iran.

Furthermore, the complex features a parking area of 27,000 m2 (290,000 sq ft), a large computer and telecommunications unit, a cultural and scientific unit, a commercial transaction centre, a temporary showroom for exhibiting products, a specialized library, an exhibition hall, and an administrative unit. Milad Tower has an octagonal base, symbolizing traditional Persian architecture.

NATIONAL JEWELS MUSEUM

US DEN OF ESPIONAGE